What are the “Castellers”?
The “castellers” are simply human towers, which are formed by climbing on top of each other. Something that seems simple in appearance but for which it takes a great coordination among all its members. Usually the “castles” are crowned by a child and the base are formed by the physically stronger people.
They are part of Spanish folklore and specifically of the Levante area, although not in its entirety. Since it does not extend to the area of Murcia or the eastern coast of Andalusia. The most common explanation of this has to do with the fact that the Valencian community and Catalonia were under the control of the Crown of Aragon. While the southern area of the east was conquered by the Castilians.
In any of the forms, the origin of the “castellers” is uncertain and has different explanations. Again the most widespread hypothesis dates back to the 16th century. When the shores of the Mediterranean were constantly whipped by Turkish pirates. And the inhabitants of the coastal towns improvised, in the absence of other means, these human watchtowers to detect if enemy ships approached. To be able to give the alarm and flee with time inward, avoiding being captured as slaves.
Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity
Up to here the more or less historical part because at present the “castellers” are considered collectives with a very deep sense of community. That they have kept this tradition possibly more for a character in a certain sporty sense. Since it is something usual to challenge to make the human tower higher than that of the next town. For this, throughout the year they carry out trainings and tests.
The result is that during the festivities, mainly during the summer, there are exhibitions of castellers throughout the Levantine coast. Reaching to reach really spectacular heights of eight or nine meters, topped by a child carrying a pennant. That goes climbing the human tower, surrounded by a large mass of people that serves as the basis for the structure, and that at the same time serve as a buffer in the case of a fall.
A spectacular and curious tradition, which is not found anywhere else in the world. And just for that reason it’s worth traveling to witness it in person. And you already know the Castellers?